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Literals
Comments
Constants
Exceptions
Execution Environments
Identifiers
Relaxations
Spacing
T-Tables
Text
Variables

Lines
Expressions
Types
Operators
Binary Arithmetic Operators
Boolean Operators
Conversion Operators
Relational Operators
Structural Operators
Unary Arithmetic Operators

Literals
A relaxation is a less restrictive set of rules that are either chosen or exists natively in some environments. If a program runs well in a complete environment, it will also run in a relaxed environment.

It is recommended to develop and test a program in a complete environment. Then, after the program is done and ready to ship, it can be executed on a relaxed environment either because the user simply only has a reduced environment, or because of speed of execution. If a program has been thoroughly tested, and is known to be quite robust, then the additional checking is unecessary.

- Binary Relaxation
- Exception Relaxation

With binary relaxation, the decimal type is replaced with a binary type that contains the range of the decimal type.

The overflow exception is then instead caused at the new bounds.

The decimal variable type is a fractional, floating point 15 decimal digits fraction (mantissa), 2 decimal digit exponent. With binary relaxation, this type is, for example, replaced by double precision IEEE 754, also called binary64. This type has 52 bit fraction (mantissa), which can represent 15 to 17 decimal digits, and a 11 bit exponent, which can represent 3 decimal digits.

For more information on the double precision or Binary64 type, see double precision.

Value Type | Value |
---|---|

max | `+1.797 693 134 862 32*10^+308` |

min | `-1.797 693 134 862 32*10^+308` |

min positive (normal*) | `+2.225 073 858 507 20*10^−308` |

min positive (denormal*) | `+4.940 656 458 412 47*10^-324` |

max negative (normal*) | `-2.225 073 858 507 20*10^−308` |

max positive (denormal*) | `-4.940 656 458 412 47*10^-324` |

smallest change | See the Binary64 documentation from IEEE |

zeros | `0` and `-0` |

`*`

Denormal is an optional mode of Binary64 (or double precision). If denormal is turned off, the mode is called normal.

Question | Answer |
---|---|

Can be Not a Number (`NaN` )? | Yes |

Can be Infinity? | Yes |

Can be Negative Infinity? | Yes |

Can be Undefined or Null? | No |

Can be negative zero? | Yes |

An operator is replaced by one that does not throw exceptions.

An overflow exception can be replaced by, for example, returning `Infinity`

, `-Infinity`

or `NaN`

. These are not values supported in the Progsbase system.

An invalid operand exception can be replaced by returning, for example, `Infinity`

, `-Infinity`

or `NaN`

, 0 or 1. `Infinity`

, `-Infinity`

and `NaN`

are not values supported in the Progsbase system.

An out of bounds exception can be replaced by returning, for example, `null`

, `nil`

or `undefined`

. These are not values supported in the Progsbase system.

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