Programs
General

Comments
Constants
Exceptions
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Identifiers
Relaxations
Spacing
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Text
Variables

Lines
Expressions
Types
Operators
Binary Arithmetic Operators
Boolean Operators
Conversion Operators
Relational Operators
Structural Operators
Unary Arithmetic Operators

Literals
Comments
Constants
Exceptions
Execution Environments
Identifiers
Relaxations
Spacing
T-Tables
Text
Variables

Lines
Expressions
Types
Operators
Binary Arithmetic Operators
Boolean Operators
Conversion Operators
Relational Operators
Structural Operators
Unary Arithmetic Operators

Literals
The text encoding used is a part of UTF-8. The part used is compatible with commonly used western text encodings: ASCII, ISO/IEC 8859-1 and Windows-1252.

The only allowed characters are 9, 10, 13 and 32-126, inclusive. Each element of the file must fit one character. The elements can be bytes, but need not be. Program files with element values other than these are invalid. All valid files are valid UTF-8 files.

Decimal | Hex | Character |
---|---|---|

9 | 0x9 | Horizontal Tab, `\t` |

10 | 0xA | Line Feed, `\n` |

13 | 0xD | Carriage Return*, `\r` |

32 | 0x20 | Space |

33 | 0x21 | ! |

34 | 0x22 | “ |

35 | 0x23 | # |

36 | 0x24 | $ |

37 | 0x25 | % |

38 | 0x26 | & |

39 | 0x27 | ' |

40 | 0x28 | ( |

41 | 0x29 | ) |

42 | 0x2A | * |

43 | 0x2B | + |

44 | 0x2C | , |

45 | 0x2D | - |

46 | 0x2E | . |

47 | 0x2F | / |

48 | 0x30 | 0 |

49 | 0x31 | 1 |

50 | 0x32 | 2 |

51 | 0x33 | 3 |

52 | 0x34 | 4 |

53 | 0x35 | 5 |

54 | 0x36 | 6 |

55 | 0x37 | 7 |

56 | 0x38 | 8 |

57 | 0x39 | 9 |

58 | 0x3A | : |

59 | 0x3B | ; |

60 | 0x3C | < |

61 | 0x3D | = |

62 | 0x3E | > |

63 | 0x3F | ? |

64 | 0x40 | @ |

65 | 0x41 | A |

66 | 0x42 | B |

67 | 0x43 | C |

68 | 0x44 | D |

69 | 0x45 | E |

70 | 0x46 | F |

71 | 0x47 | G |

72 | 0x48 | H |

73 | 0x49 | I |

74 | 0x4A | J |

75 | 0x4B | K |

76 | 0x4C | L |

77 | 0x4D | M |

78 | 0x4E | N |

79 | 0x4F | O |

80 | 0x50 | P |

81 | 0x51 | Q |

82 | 0x52 | R |

83 | 0x53 | S |

84 | 0x54 | T |

85 | 0x55 | U |

86 | 0x56 | V |

87 | 0x57 | W |

88 | 0x58 | X |

89 | 0x59 | Y |

90 | 0x5A | Z |

91 | 0x5B | [ |

92 | 0x5C | \ |

93 | 0x5D | ] |

94 | 0x5E | ^ |

95 | 0x5F | _ |

96 | 0x60 | ` |

97 | 0x61 | a |

98 | 0x62 | b |

99 | 0x63 | c |

100 | 0x64 | d |

101 | 0x65 | e |

102 | 0x66 | f |

103 | 0x67 | g |

104 | 0x68 | h |

105 | 0x69 | i |

106 | 0x6A | j |

107 | 0x6B | k |

108 | 0x6C | l |

109 | 0x6D | m |

110 | 0x6E | n |

111 | 0x6F | o |

112 | 0x70 | p |

113 | 0x71 | q |

114 | 0x72 | r |

115 | 0x73 | s |

116 | 0x74 | t |

117 | 0x75 | u |

118 | 0x76 | v |

119 | 0x77 | w |

120 | 0x78 | x |

121 | 0x79 | y |

122 | 0x7A | z |

123 | 0x7B | { |

124 | 0x7C | | |

125 | 0x7D | } |

126 | 0x7E | ~ |

`*`

Se notes on newlines.

Files must use a newline scheme consistently. A file must either:

- Use only
`\n`

, which is read as is. - Use only
`\r\n`

, which is read as`\n`

. - Use only
`\r`

, which is read as`\n`

.

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